International Agreements Pakistan Has Signed
A memorandum submitted to the United Nations by the Pakistani government in 1951 states that there are no laws, regulations, decrees or judicial decisions to negotiate and conclude contracts in Pakistan, and that the issue is settled by habit and use. In 68 years, that has not changed much in Pakistan. Recently, Senator Mian Raza Rabbani introduced a private bill entitled “Ratification of Foreign Agreements by Parliament Bill, 2018″ (the “Bill”) that proposes legislation in this important area of public administration. Senator Rabbani introduced the same bill in the Senate in 2007 and Dr. Shireen Mazari proposed similar legislation in the National Assembly in 2013, but both proposals would have failed because of a lack of a broader understanding of the importance of governance in this area. These proposals highlight both the difficulty and importance of legislation on this sensitive aspect of foreign policy. The main objective of the law is to ensure parliamentary control of treaties, including economic agreements and other foreign agreements, signed by the Pakistani government, as some of these treaties have serious consequences for Pakistani economic, political and fundamental citizens. Certainly, the objectives of the legislation relate to an important public interest issue that requires legislation. Although in many countries the treaty`s ratification powers are generally exercised by the executive authority of governments, several countries have taken steps to ensure some sort of parliamentary oversight over the contracting process. Australia, for example, has created a joint parliamentary treaty committee.
Similarly, Kenya has adopted detailed legislation that not only requires Parliament`s approval before the treaties are ratified, but also makes ratification a crime without Parliament`s approval. Similarly, the United Kingdom (United Kingdom) has passed legislation requiring Parliament to approve treaties before they are ratified by boards of directors. This article analyzes the similarities and differences in the approaches of these countries to ensure parliamentary control of the treaties, in order to draw conclusions on the bill pending before the Pakistani Senate. There are a number of reasons for parliamentary control of treaties. Treaties are agreements between countries and an important element of a government`s foreign policy.